Sunday, May 26, 2024

Varanasi : The City of Shiva

Varanasi, also known as Benares or Kashi, is a city located on the banks of the River Ganges in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

It is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world and is considered one of the holiest cities in India.

Varanasi is famous for its ghats, which are a series of steps leading down to the river. The ghats are used for religious ceremonies, bathing, and cremation.

Varanasi is a city that is steeped in tradition and culture. It is a city that has captivated travelers for centuries, and it continues to do so today.

Whether you are interested in religion, history, culture, or just want to experience the unique energy of this ancient city, Varanasi is a must-visit destination. It is a city that will leave a lasting impression on you and will stay with you long after you leave.

Varanasi Map

Kashi Vishwanath Temple

ABOUT SHRI KASHI VISHWANATH TEMPLE
ABOUT SHRI KASHI VISHWANATH TEMPLE

The city is also known for its temples, with the Kashi Vishwanath Temple being one of the most important. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva, and it is believed that a visit to the temple will free one from the cycle of birth and death.

The temple is located in the heart of the city and is a must-visit destination for anyone visiting Varanasi.


To Read more click here:- ABOUT SHRI KASHI VISHWANATH TEMPLE


Ghats of Varanasi

Ghats of Varanasi

The Ghats of Varanasi are a series of steps leading down to the banks of the River Ganges in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India. They are a major attraction for visitors to the city and are considered to be one of the holiest places in Hinduism.

The ghats are believed to have been constructed by various Hindu kings and emperors over the centuries, and today there are over 80 ghats lining the riverbanks.

Each ghat has its own history and significance, and many are associated with particular rituals and ceremonies.

The main ghats in Varanasi include the Dashashwamedh Ghat, which is the most famous and is known for its evening Aarti ceremony;

The Manikarnika Ghat, which is a cremation ground and is considered to be one of the most sacred places in Varanasi; and the Harishchandra Ghat, which is also a cremation ground and is believed to have been used for this purpose for over 2,000 years.

Other popular ghats include the Assi Ghat, which is known for its lively evening aarti ceremony; the Kedar Ghat, which is associated with Lord Shiva; and the Tulsi Ghat, which is named after the famous Hindi poet Tulsidas.

The ghats of Varanasi are not only an important religious site but also offer a glimpse into the rich history and culture of the city. They are a popular destination for photographers, artists, and historians and attract visitors from all over the world.

Sarnath

ABOUT SARNATH TEMPLE - TEMPLEKNOWLEDGE.COM


Sarnath is a historical and sacred city located in the Varanasi district of Uttar Pradesh, India.

It is an important pilgrimage site for Buddhists as it is the place where Lord Buddha gave his first sermon after attaining enlightenment.

The major attraction in Sarnath is the Dhamek Stupa, which is a massive structure made of stone and brick, and is believed to date back to the 5th or 6th century.

The stupa is adorned with intricate carvings and inscriptions that depict scenes from the life of Lord Buddha.

Another important attraction in Sarnath is the Chaukhandi Stupa, which is a brick structure that dates back to the Gupta period. It is believed to mark the spot where Lord Buddha met his first disciples after attaining enlightenment.

Sarnath also houses the Archaeological Museum, which contains a vast collection of artifacts from the ancient Buddhist era, including statues, sculptures, and inscriptions.


To Read more click here:- ABOUT SARNATH TEMPLE


Ramnagar Fort

Ramnagar Fort

Ramnagar Fort is a historical fortification located in the city of Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India.

It was built in the 18th century by the Kashi Naresh Raja Balwant Singh of the erstwhile Kingdom of Kashi (also known as the Banaras State).

The fort is situated on the eastern bank of the River Ganges and is constructed in a typical Mughal style of architecture.

The fort houses a museum which contains a rich collection of artifacts including vintage cars, royal carriages, weapons, manuscripts, and costumes worn by the kings of the Banaras State.

One of the major attractions of Ramnagar Fort is the Ramnagar Ramlila, which is an annual theatrical performance that takes place during the Hindu festival of Navratri. The Ramlila is a dramatization of the epic Ramayana, and it attracts thousands of visitors from all over India and the world.

Overall, Ramnagar Fort is a must-visit destination for history and culture enthusiasts visiting Varanasi, and it offers a glimpse into the rich heritage of the Banaras State.

Chunar Fort

Chunar Fort

Chunar Fort is a historical fortification located in the Mirzapur district of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is situated on the banks of the River Ganges and is believed to date back to the 11th century.

The fort has been the site of several important battles throughout history and has been ruled by various empires and kingdoms, including the Mauryas, Guptas, Mughals, and British.

It is said to have been the favorite retreat of Emperor Akbar and was also used as a prison during the British era.

The fort is made of sandstone and is adorned with intricate carvings and inscriptions. It houses several temples, including the Kali Temple, which is a popular pilgrimage site for Hindus.

One of the major attractions in Chunar Fort is the underground passage that leads to the nearby Chunar town. It is said to have been used as a secret escape route by the rulers of the fort in times of danger.

Chunar Fort also offers a panoramic view of the surrounding countryside and the River Ganges, making it a popular destination for nature lovers and photographers.

Silk Factory

Varanasi is also famous for its silk saris, which are renowned all over India. The city has a bustling market where visitors can buy silk saris and other traditional Indian attire. The market is also famous for its street food, with chaat, lassi, and paan being the most popular dishes.

The city is also home to several ashrams and spiritual centers, where visitors can learn about meditation and yoga. These centers offer courses and workshops, and many visitors come to Varanasi specifically to attend these programs.

Sankat Mochan Hanuman Temple, Varanasi

Sankat Mochan Hanuman Temple, Varanasi


Sankat Mochan Hanuman Temple is a popular Hindu temple located in the holy city of Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India. It is dedicated to Lord Hanuman, who is believed to be the destroyer of all obstacles and the remover of all sorrows.

The temple is said to have been established by the famous Hindu saint Tulsidas, who wrote the epic Ramcharitmanas. It is located near the Banaras Hindu University and is one of the most visited temples in Varanasi.

The temple is built in the traditional North Indian style of architecture and has a beautiful garden surrounding it. The main deity of the temple is Lord Hanuman, who is depicted in a standing posture with his right hand raised in a blessing gesture.

The temple also houses several other deities, including Lord Rama, Goddess Sita, Lord Shiva, and Lord Ganesha. It is believed that offering prayers at this temple helps in overcoming obstacles and brings good fortune.

Man Mandir Observatory

Man Mandir Observatory

Man Mandir Observatory, also known as the Man Mandir Palace Observatory, is an astronomical observatory located in the city of Jaipur, Rajasthan, India. It was built by the Rajput king Sawai Jai Singh II in the early 18th century.

The observatory is made of stone and is adorned with intricate carvings and inscriptions. It consists of several astronomical instruments that were used to observe the movements of celestial bodies and to make astronomical calculations.

One of the major attractions in the observatory is the Samrat Yantra, which is a massive sundial that can accurately measure the time to within two seconds.

Another important instrument is the Jai Prakash Yantra, which is used to observe the position of celestial bodies.

The observatory also houses several other instruments, including the Narivalaya Yantra, the Ram Yantra, and the Digamsha Yantra, which were used to determine the declination and altitude of celestial bodies.

Man Mandir Observatory is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is considered to be one of the most important astronomical observatories in India.

It is a must-visit destination for those interested in astronomy and ancient Indian sciences.

How To Reach Varanasi?

By Air

Varanasi has its own airport, Lal Bahadur Shastri International Airport, which is well-connected to major cities in India.

From the airport, you can hire a taxi or take a bus to reach your destination in Varanasi.

By Rail

The city has two major railway stations – Varanasi Junction and Mughal Sarai Junction. Both stations are well-connected to major cities in India.

Several trains run daily between Varanasi and cities like Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, and Chennai.

By Road

The city is well-connected by road to major cities in India. There are several buses that run between Varanasi and cities like Delhi, Lucknow, Kanpur, and Agra. You can also hire a taxi or drive your own vehicle to reach Varanasi.

By Water

Kashi is located on the banks of the Ganges River, and there are several boats that run between Varanasi and nearby towns and cities. This is a scenic and enjoyable way to reach Varanasi, but it may not be the most practical option for everyone.

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