Jaipur is the capital city of the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is one of the most popular tourist destinations in India, known for its rich history, stunning architecture, vibrant culture, and colorful traditions.
Jaipur is known as the “Pink City”
You Must be wondering “Why is Jaipur called Pink City?” Here’s your Answer:-
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Jaipur is known as the “Pink City” because of its distinctive pink-colored buildings. The story behind this distinctive pink color dates back to the late 19th century.
In 1876, Maharaja Sawai Ram Singh of Jaipur ordered that the city be painted pink to welcome the Prince of Wales and later Edward VII, who was visiting India. The pink color was chosen because it was associated with hospitality, and it was intended to create a sense of warmth and welcome for the royal guests.
Since then, Jaipur has maintained this tradition of painting its buildings pink, and today, it’s a city ordinance that mandates many buildings in the old part of the city (the walled city or Pink City) to be painted in shades of pink. This gives Jaipur its distinctive and charming appearance, and it has become one of the city’s most recognizable features.
The pink color of Jaipur’s buildings has not only preserved a historical tradition but also turned into a symbol of the city, making it a unique and visually appealing destination for tourists and visitors.
History of The City of Royals
The history of Jaipur city is rich and dates back to the 18th century when it was founded by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II.
Jaipur was founded in 1727 by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, the ruler of the Kingdom of Amber (now Amer) which was the previous capital.
The decision to move the capital to Jaipur was made due to several reasons, including the need for a better-planned city, increased population, and improved water supply.
The city was meticulously planned and designed by Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, a Bengali architect.
The layout of Jaipur is based on the principles of Vastu Shastra and Shilpa Shastra, ancient Indian texts on architecture and town planning.
Places To See in Jaipur:-
Jaipur has always been a center of art, culture, and tradition. It is known for its magnificent palaces, forts, temples, and havelis.
The City Palace, Amber Fort, Hawa Mahal, and Jantar Mantar are some of its architectural jewels. Lets See in Detail of what makes Jaipur a magnet to travel lovers.
Amber Fort (Amer Fort)
Amber Fort, also known as Amer Fort, is one of the most iconic and majestic historical attractions in Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.
It is located atop a hill called Cheel ka Teela (Hill of Eagles) in the town of Amer, which is about 11 kilometers from Jaipur’s city center.
Amber Fort is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is known for its stunning architecture and historical significance.
Amber Fort is a prime example of Rajput architecture, blending Hindu and Mughal architectural styles. The fort’s imposing walls and grand gateways lead to a series of courtyards, palaces, temples, and gardens.
Amber Fort is a testament to the grandeur and opulence of the Rajput rulers of Rajasthan. It’s a must-visit destination for history enthusiasts, architecture lovers, and anyone interested in experiencing the rich heritage of Jaipur and the region.
Entry Fees: Indian : Rs. 25.00 , Student : 10
Timings: 8AM – 5PM and 7PM to 10PM
The City Palace in Jaipur is a magnificent royal residence and a major tourist attraction located in the heart of the Pink City.
It is a prime example of Rajput and Mughal architecture and offers a glimpse into the opulent lifestyle of the royal families of Jaipur.
The construction of the City Palace began in the early 18th century and continued over several generations of rulers of the Kachwaha Rajput dynasty. The palace complex was the seat of the Maharaja of Jaipur, who ruled the region.
City Palace is a beautiful blend of Rajput, Mughal, and European architectural influences. It showcases intricate artwork, decorative elements, and exquisite design.
The City Palace hosts an evening sound and light show that narrates the history of Jaipur and the palace. It’s an engaging way to learn about the city’s heritage.
Entry Fees: INR 200 (Indian)
Timings: 9:30 am – 5:00 pm (Day Visit) , 7:00 pm – 10:00 pm (Night Visit)
Hawa Mahal (Palace of Winds)
Hawa Mahal, also known as the “Palace of Winds,” is a famous architectural landmark located in the city of Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.
The Mahal is renowned for its unique and intricate architectural design. It was built in 1799 by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh, a member of the Kachhwaha Rajput dynasty.
The palace is constructed using red and pink sandstone, which is a characteristic feature of Jaipur’s architecture.
The primary purpose of Hawa Mahal was to serve as an extension of the City Palace. Its distinctive feature is the presence of 953 small windows, known as “jharokhas,” which are adorned with intricate latticework.
These windows were designed to allow the royal ladies of the court to observe street festivities and daily life in the city without being seen themselves.
The latticework also served to provide natural ventilation and cool the interior during hot Rajasthan summers.
Entry Fees: 50 INR
Timings: 9:00 am – 5:00 pm
Jantar Mantar in Jaipur, Rajasthan, India, is one of the most significant and well-preserved astronomical observatories in the world.
It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is renowned for its unique collection of architectural astronomical instruments.
Jantar Mantar was built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, the founder of Jaipur, in the early 18th century. Jai Singh was an avid astronomer and mathematician, and he constructed several observatories across India, with the one in Jaipur being the largest and most impressive.
Jantar Mantar is known for its remarkable architecture, with a collection of 19 architectural instruments that were designed for precise astronomical and astrological observations. These instruments are made primarily of stone and marble.
Entry Fees: 50 INR
Timings: 9:00 am – 5:00 pm
Nahargarh Fort, also known as the “Tiger Fort,” is a historic fortress located on the Aravalli hills overlooking the Pink City of Jaipur in Rajasthan, India.
It is one of the prominent forts in the region and has a rich history and architectural significance.
Nahargarh Fort was built in 1734 by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, the founder of Jaipur. The fort was initially constructed as a defense outpost to protect the city of Jaipur from potential attacks from the northwest.
The fort’s name, “Nahargarh,” translates to “abode of tigers.” According to legend, it was believed that the spirit of a Rathore prince named Nahar Singh haunted the area, and the fort was constructed to appease his spirit.
Nahargarh Fort is built in the traditional Rajput architectural style, featuring a mix of Indian and European design elements.
The fortification walls are characterized by large bastions, and the palace structures within the fort showcase the opulent lifestyle of the Rajput rulers.
Entry Fees: 50 INR
Timings: 10:00 am – 5:30 pm
aigarh Fort, also known as the “Victory Fort,” is a historic fortress located near the Amber Fort (Amer Fort) in Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.
It is situated on the Aravalli hills and is known for its formidable defensive structures and rich history.
Jaigarh Fort was built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, the founder of Jaipur, in 1726. It was constructed to protect the Amer Fort and the city of Jaipur from potential invasions.
Jaigarh Fort exhibits classic Rajput military architecture, characterized by massive walls, watchtowers, bastions, and cannon foundries. The fortifications are designed to withstand sieges and attacks.
Entry Fees: 35 INR
Timings: 9:00 am – 4:30 pm
Albert Hall Museum
Albert Hall Museum, located in Jaipur, Rajasthan, India, is one of the most prominent and oldest museums in the state.
It is also known as the Central Museum and is housed in a magnificent Indo-Saracenic architectural building.
The Albert Hall Museum was inaugurated in 1887 by Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh II, during the visit of the Prince of Wales, Albert Edward, to Jaipur.
It was designed by Sir Samuel Swinton Jacob, an English architect, and is a fine example of Indo-Saracenic architecture.
The museum’s building is a striking blend of architectural styles, incorporating elements from Indo-Islamic, Rajput, and European Gothic architecture.
It features intricately designed arches, domes, and ornate pillars, making it a visually stunning structure.
Entry Fees: 40 INR
Timings: 9:00 am – 5:00 pm & 7:00 pm – 10:00 pm
Jal Mahal, which translates to the “Water Palace,” is a stunning architectural marvel located in the middle of Man Sagar Lake in Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.
It is one of the most iconic landmarks of Jaipur and is known for its unique location and architectural beauty.
Jal Mahal was built during the 18th century, during the reign of Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh of the Kachhwaha Rajput dynasty.
The palace was constructed in 1799 as a royal summer retreat and hunting lodge.
The palace is a fine example of Rajput and Mughal architectural styles. It is a five-story structure with four of its stories submerged underwater when the lake is full.
Only the top floor remains visible above the waterline, creating a surreal and captivating sight.
Entry Fees: N/A
Timings: 6:00 am – 6:00 pm
Galtaji (Monkey Temple)
Galtaji, also known as the Monkey Temple, is a famous pilgrimage site located on the outskirts of Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.
It is a unique and picturesque temple complex known for its natural springs, sacred ponds, and the large population of monkeys that inhabit the area.
Galtaji is a significant Hindu pilgrimage site dedicated to Lord Hanuman, the monkey god, and other Hindu deities. The temple complex is associated with various legends and is considered a place of great religious importance.
The architecture of Galtaji is a mix of traditional Rajasthani and Mughal styles. The complex features a series of temples, pavilions, and bathing ghats built from pink sandstone.
Galtaji is also famous for its large population of monkeys, primarily langurs and rhesus macaques, which roam freely within the temple complex.
They are considered sacred and are fed by devotees and tourists.
Entry Fees: Nil
Timings: 5:00 am – 9:00 pm
How To Reach Jaipur?
The city has its own international airport, Jaipur International Airport, which is located about 13 kilometers (8 miles) from the city center.
It serves as a major gateway to Rajasthan and is well-connected to major Indian cities.
The city is a major railway junction and is well-connected to various cities across India. Cabs and rikshaws are easily available.
The city is connected by a network of national and state highways.
You can reach Jaipur by bus from nearby cities and states. The Rajasthan State Road Transport Corporation operates a fleet of buses connecting Jaipur to various cities within Rajasthan and neighboring states.
If you prefer a road trip, you can reach here by car. The city is well-connected to Delhi via the NH48 highway, which is part of the Golden Quadrilateral.
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