Sunday, May 26, 2024

Pazhamudircholai Murugan Temple – History, Architecture, Dress Code

Pazhamudircholai Murugan Temple is a popular Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Murugan, located in the foothills of the Solaimalai Hills near Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India.

It is one of the six abodes (Arupadaiveedu) of Lord Murugan in Tamil Nadu.

The temple is situated about 25 kilometers from Madurai city and is known for its serene and picturesque surroundings.

The name “Pazhamudircholai” translates to “the hill of the fruit garden” in Tamil. The temple is believed to have been built during the reign of the Pandya dynasty.

The main deity of the temple is Lord Murugan, who is worshipped as a child in this temple. The idol of Lord Murugan is depicted with a bow and arrow, and he is known as “Kuzhandai Velappar” or “Sundara Vinayagar.” The temple also houses shrines dedicated to Lord Ganesha, Lord Shiva, and Goddess Durga.

Devotees visit the Pazhamudircholai Murugan Temple to seek blessings, especially for the fulfillment of their desires and for the well-being of children.

Pazhamudircholai Murugan Temple is not only a place of worship but also a symbol of rich cultural heritage and devotion.

It attracts devotees from different parts of India and abroad who come to experience its spiritual aura and seek the blessings of Lord Murugan.

ALSO READ: Thiruthani Murugan Temple – Dress Code, Architecture, History

History of Pazhamudircholai Murugan Temple

According to ancient texts and legends, the Pazhamudircholai Murugan Temple is believed to have been established during the Sangam period of Tamil literature, which is estimated to be around 300 BCE to 300 CE.

It is said to have been patronized by the Pandya kings, who ruled the region during that era.

The temple is mentioned in several ancient Tamil works, including the Silappathikaram and the Tirumurukarruppadai, which are revered as classic literary compositions of Tamil literature.

These texts highlight the importance and sanctity of the Pazhamudircholai Murugan Temple.

The temple’s history also intertwines with the legendary stories associated with Lord Murugan.

According to the Skanda Purana, Lord Murugan is said to have appeared in the form of a child at the Pazhamudircholai hill to bless his devotees. The temple, therefore, became one of the sacred abodes (Arupadaiveedu) of Lord Murugan.

Over the centuries, the Pazhamudircholai Murugan Temple underwent several renovations and additions by various rulers.

It was during the reign of the Pandya dynasty that the temple received significant patronage and development.

The Pandya kings contributed to the expansion of the temple complex, including the construction of shrines, halls, and gopurams (towered entrances).

During the medieval period, the temple came under the influence of various kingdoms, including the Cholas and the Nayakas.

These rulers also made significant contributions to the temple’s architecture and rituals. The Nayakas, in particular, were known for their patronage of art, literature, and temple building.

Quick Facts

  • Address: Alagar Koil Rd, Alagar Hills R.F, Tamil Nadu 624401
  • District: Madurai
  • Affiliation: Hinduism
  • Deity: Murugan
  • Entry Fee: Free
  • Timings: 5:30 AM to 5:30 PM.
  • Visit Duration: 1 to 2 hours
  • Dress Code: decent outfit recommended
  • Festivals: Skanda Sashti,
  • Architecture: Dravidian architecture
  • Best Time to Visit: October to February

Architecture of Pazhamudircholai Murugan Temple

The architectural beauty of the Pazhamudircholai Murugan Temple is a testament to the craftsmanship and artistic skills of the artisans of the bygone era.

The intricate carvings, grand entrances, and serene atmosphere make the temple a visual treat and a center of spiritual solace for devotees.

  1. Dravidian Architecture: The temple follows the Dravidian architectural style, which is characterized by intricately carved gopurams (towered entrances), mandapams (pillared halls), and vimanas (tower-like structures above the sanctum sanctorum). The temple’s architecture showcases the mastery of stone carvings and sculptural work.
  2. Gopurams: The temple has multiple gopurams, each adorned with elaborate sculptures and carvings depicting various mythological stories and deities. The gopurams serve as grand entrances to the temple complex and are notable for their vibrant colors and intricate details.
  3. Sanctum Sanctorum: The main shrine of the temple houses the idol of Lord Murugan. The sanctum sanctorum (garbha griha) is designed to create a sacred and peaceful atmosphere. The idol of Lord Murugan is depicted as a child with a bow and arrow, exuding a sense of innocence and divinity.
  4. Pillared Halls: The temple complex consists of several pillared halls (mandapams) where devotees gather for prayers and rituals. These mandapams are adorned with intricately carved pillars showcasing various mythological scenes, celestial beings, and intricate motifs.
  5. Stone Carvings: The temple is renowned for its exquisite stone carvings that adorn the walls, pillars, and ceilings. The carvings depict scenes from Hindu mythology, including stories related to Lord Murugan and other deities. The attention to detail and craftsmanship in these carvings is a testament to the artistic excellence of the artisans.
  6. Raja Gopuram: The temple features a majestic Raja Gopuram (main tower) that stands tall and can be seen from a distance. The Raja Gopuram is adorned with intricate sculptures and acts as a prominent landmark of the temple.
  7. Temple Tanks: The temple complex also includes several temple tanks (theerthams) that are considered sacred. Devotees often take a dip in these tanks as a part of their religious rituals and purification.

How to reach Pazhamudircholai Murugan Temple ?

By Air

The nearest airport is the Madurai International Airport, which is approximately 20 kilometers away from the temple.

From the airport, you can hire a taxi or take a local bus to reach the temple.

By Train

The nearest railway station is Madurai Junction, which is well-connected to major cities in India.

From Madurai Junction, you can hire a taxi or take a local bus to reach the temple. The temple is located around 25 kilometers from the railway station.

By Road

The temple is located about 25 kilometers from Madurai city. You can take a taxi or a local bus from Madurai to reach the temple. The journey takes approximately 45 minutes to 1 hour, depending on the traffic conditions.

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