Sunday, June 16, 2024

Chottanikkara Temple – History, Architecture, Dress Code

Chottanikkara Temple, also known as Chottanikkara Bhagavathy Temple, is a Hindu temple dedicated to the goddess Bhagavathy, who is worshipped in her three forms: Mahasaraswati in the morning, Mahalakshmi in the afternoon, and Mahakali in the evening.

The temple is located in the southern suburb of Chottanikkara, Kochi, in the Indian state of Kerala.

The temple is famous for its unique deity, Goddess Rajarajeshwari, who is believed to have immense healing powers.

Devotees from far and wide flock to the temple seeking relief from various physical and mental ailments.

Legend has it that the goddess cured a Brahmin priest named Villwamangalam of a severe illness, which earned her the reputation as a potent healer.

Quick Facts

  • Address: Chottanikkara, Kochi, Kerala 682312
  • District: Ernakulam
  • Affiliation: Hinduism
  • Deity:  Chottanikkara (Chottanikkara Amma) with Narayana
  • Entry Fee: Free
  • Timings: 5:00 AM to 10:00 PM.
  • Visit Duration: 1 to 2 hours
  • Dress Code: decent outfit recommended
  • Festivals: Makam Thozhal
  • Best Time to Visit: October to April


Dress Code at Chottanikkara Temple

As per the Chottanikkara Temple dress code, men should wear dhoti and no shirt (only Angavastram). Women devotees should wear a sari, churidar, pavadai chattai or salwar kameez.

Devotees will not be allowed to enter the Chottanikkara Temple wearing informal attire like jeans, shorts or T-shirts.

History of Chottanikkara Temple

The temple of Chottanikkara is a living legend shrowned in magnificent mythology and awe-inspiring truth. Its historical appeal and traditional influence on generations of people is tremendous.

Legends say that the presence of Divinity here was worshipped by BHOGACHARYA. The deity which is swayambhoo in latrite called Rudraksha Sila was worshipped by divine souls like Adisankaracharya, Vilwamangalam Swamiyar, Kakkasseri Bhattathiri and Chemmangattu Bhattathiri.

It is the cynosure of thousands of devotees swarming from all over the world on all auspicious and festive occations.The golden hued Idol bedecked with flowers, garlands, jewels and bathed in myrid of light shine splendidly.

It is a picturesque image bewitching everybodyand embodiment of peace dispelling fears from devotees who worship Her.

The temple is situated in hilly region surrounded on all sides by undulating beauty, rich with its green turf, golden farms and provides deep spritiual solace to the entire devotees.

This is one of the most celebrated Hindu shrines of Kerala. Thousands of pilgrims and devotees of the Goddess visit here and make their reverential offerings to redeem them of their afflictions.

A visit to the temple brings relief to them from the overburdening anguish and agonies of material life. The blowing of the conch and playing of the temple musical instruments lend an enchanting ritualistic rhythm and peace to those who seek a sure answer to the patient prayers.

Sree Mookambika Saraswathy is also believed as present in the temple in the morning. That is why Mookambika Temple at kollur opens only after the Goddess Saraswathy returns to there late in the morning.

Chottanikkara Temple Timings

Here are the timings of Chottanikkara Temple:

Morning Darshan4:00 am to 12:00 pm
Evening Darshan4:00 pm to 8:45 pm
Prasadam Timings1:00 pm to 3:00 pm
Guruthy at Keezhakavu Temple8:45 pm to 9:30 pm
Seeveli6:00 am to 6:30 am
Ucha Pooja12:00 pm to 12:30 pm
Deeparadhana6:15 pm to 6:30 pm
Athaza Pooja7:30 pm to 8:00 pm

Architecture of Chottanikkara Temple

The architecture of Chottanikkara Temple is a testament to the rich cultural and artistic traditions of Kerala.

The intricate carvings, wooden work, and the temple’s overall design reflect the state’s unique architectural identity, making it not only a place of religious significance but also a place of architectural and cultural heritage.

Gopuram (Tower): The temple’s entrance is marked by a grand gopuram, a towering structure typically seen in South Indian temples. The gopuram at Chottanikkara is adorned with intricate sculptures and traditional motifs, showcasing the craftsmanship of local artisans.

Sree Kovil (Sanctum Sanctorum): The central structure of the temple is the sree kovil, which houses the main deity, Goddess Rajarajeshwari. The sree kovil is built in a rectangular shape and features a pyramidal roof with multiple layers. It is made of granite and has an elegant and simple design.

Nalambalam: Surrounding the sree kovil, there is a rectangular enclosure known as nalambalam. This structure has a series of pillars and walls that are often intricately carved with mythological motifs and scenes from Hindu epics.

Namaskara Mandapam: Just in front of the sree kovil, you will find the namaskara mandapam, a hall where devotees can offer their prayers and perform rituals. The namaskara mandapam typically has a beautifully carved wooden ceiling and pillars.

Srikovil Sreekovil: Within the sree kovil, you’ll find the sanctum sanctorum (srikovil), where the deity is enshrined. The inner sanctum is a small, dark chamber with limited access, and it is usually adorned with valuable jewelry, lamps, and flowers. Only the temple priests have access to this innermost chamber.

Roof and Carvings: The temple’s roofs are often layered with copper sheets, adding a distinctive look to the structure. The exterior walls and pillars of the temple are intricately carved with scenes from Hindu mythology, deities, and various motifs, showcasing the exquisite craftsmanship of local artisans.

Flagstaff and Dwajasthambam: Many temples, including Chottanikkara, have a flagstaff (dwajasthambam) near the temple’s entrance. The flagstaff is often adorned with a flag that represents the temple’s deity. It is an important element of temple architecture and ritual.

Ponds and Surrounding Greenery: The temple complex usually features ponds, lush gardens, and well-maintained courtyards, creating a serene and peaceful environment for devotees and visitors.

Festivals and Celebrations

The temple comes alive during the annual festival, ‘Makam Thozhal,’ which takes place in the Malayalam month of Kumbham (February-March).

This grand celebration spans several days and includes colorful processions, traditional music, dance performances, and cultural programs.

Devotees gather in large numbers to participate in the festivities, and the temple precincts are decorated with lights and flowers, creating a vibrant and joyous atmosphere.

How To Reach Chottanikkara Temple?

By Air

The nearest major airport is Cochin International Airport (COK), which is located approximately 25 kilometers away from Chottanikkara.

You can take a domestic or international flight to reach Cochin International Airport.

From the airport, you can hire a taxi or use app-based ride-sharing services to reach the temple.

By Rail

The nearest railway station to Chottanikkara is the Ernakulam Junction Railway Station, which is well-connected to major cities in India.

From the railway station, you can hire a taxi or take a local train to reach Chottanikkara.

By Road

Chottanikkara is well-connected by road, and you can reach the temple by car, bus, or taxi.

Kerala State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) operates regular bus services to Chottanikkara from various parts of the state. You can board a KSRTC bus to reach the temple.

Where To Stay?


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