Tuesday, May 28, 2024

Ayodhya Ram Mandir – A Journey of 500 years

Ayodhya Ram Mandir is a hindu temple located in Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh and is dedicated to Bhagwan Shree Ram.

Ram ji was born in Ayodhya district of Uttar Pradesh. A grand temple of Shri Ram was built here and the consecration of the temple has been done in the year 2024 itself.

People are coming from abroad to visit Ram temple. Here Ram ji is present in child form. On this Ram Navami, you can go to Ram temple in Ayodhya for darshan.

Mangala Aarti: 4:00 AM
Shringar Aarti: 6:15 AM
Shayan Aarti: 10:00 PM

For Ram Mandir aarti booking the official website Link: https://online.srjbtkshetra.org/#/login

Also Read: Hanuman Garhi Ayodhya : The Protector of Ayodhya


Quick Facts

  • Address: Ram Janmabhoomi, Ayodhya, UP, India
  • District: Ayodhya
  • Deity: Ram Lalla (infant form of Rama)
  • Affiliation: Hinduism
  • Entry Fee: Free
  • Timings: 6:30 AM to 9:30 PM
  • Visit Duration: 1 to 2 hours
  • Dress Code: decent outfit recommended
  • Architecture:  Māru-Gurjara architecture of Nagara style
  • Festivals: Diwali, Ram Navmi, Hanuman Janamdiwas, Dussehra
  • Best Time to Visit: October to March

“The temple was demolished” to make way for the mosque – 1528

Mir Bazi, the general of Mughal emperor Babur on his orders, was at Ramkot in Ayodhya in 1528 “The Birthplace of Ram” where he demolished the temple, a mosque was built.

Disputes during the British Raj

In 1853, religious violence first occurred at the site of the Babri Masjid in Ayodhya. During the reign of Nawab Wajid Shah of Awadh, the Nirmohi Hindu sect claimed that a Hindu temple was demolished during Babur’s time to make way for a mosque. – Six years later, the British erected a fence dividing the site into two parts.

Muslims are allowed to pray in the mosque, while the courtyard is reserved for Hindu purposes. – In January 1885, Mahant Raghubir Das applied to the Faizabad District Court seeking permission to construct a canopy on the Ramchabutra, an elevated platform located outside the mosque. However, the objection was overruled.

Ram Lalla idol at Babri Masjid – 1949

The idol of Lord Ram appeared in Babri Masjid. Gopal Singh Visharad filed a petition in the Faizabad court seeking worship of the deity. Hashim Ansari, a resident of Ayodhya, petitioned the court to remove the idol and allow the mosque to continue functioning as a mosque. The government sealed the place but allowed the priest to conduct daily services.

Petition for return of property to Muslims – 1961

A petitioner filed a lawsuit seeking return of property to Muslims. The Sunni Central Waqf Committee filed a case in the Faizabad Civil Court and declared the Babri Masjid as the committee’s property.

Movement for construction of Ram temple – 1980s

A committee led by the Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) was formed to “liberate” the birthplace of Lord Ram and build a temple for him. Ayodhya court orders opening of mosques for Hindu prayers.

In 1986, in response to a request by Hari Shankar Dubey, the Ayodhya district magistrate issued an order to open the gates of the disputed mosque, So that Hindus can pray there. In response, Muslims formed the Babri Masjid Action Committee in protest.

Following a court order, the Rajiv Gandhi government ordered the doors of the Babri Masjid to be opened.

Until the court ruling, only Hindu priests have the right to conduct annual pujas. After the ruling, all Hindus were allowed to enter the site, resulting in the mosque assuming the dual role of a Hindu temple.

VHP lays foundation stone of Rama temple – 1989

VHP initiates construction of Rama temple near Babri Masjid. Justice Deoki Nandan Agarwal, former vice-president of the VHP, filed a case seeking relocation of the mosque. Subsequently, four cases pending before the Faizabad court were transferred to the special bench of the Supreme Court.

The Rath Yatra in 1990

Under the leadership of its then president, LK Advani, the BJP organized a national Rath Yatra from Somnath in Gujarat to Ayodhya.

The primary objective of this rally was to express support for the Ram Temple agitation, which was being led by the VHP at that time.

The procession included thousands of kar sevaks, or volunteers, affiliated with the Sangh Parivar. Commencing in Somnath, Gujarat, on September 25, 1990, the yatra traversed numerous villages and cities.

Covering an approximate distance of 300 kilometers each day, LK Advani, leading the yatra, frequently addressed as many as six public rallies in a single day.

On October 23, 1990, then Prime Minister VP Singh granted authorization to Lalu Prasad Yadav, the Chief Minister of Bihar, to arrest LK Advani. The then BJP president was taken into preventive custody as his procession crossed the border between Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.

The mosque is demolished -1992

On December 6, 1992 the disputed Babri Mosque was demolished by the karsevaks in the presence of leaders from Shiv Sena, VHP, and BJP. The destruction of the mosque triggered widespread communal riots throughout the country, resulting in the loss of at least 2,000 lives during the violence.

Godhra train fire and Gujarat riots – 2002

Coach no. S-6 of Sabarmati Express carrying kar sevaks from Ayodhya to Gujarat was burnt near Godhra station. Fifty-eight people were burnt alive, leading to Gujarat riots which claimed more than 1,000 lives.

ASI conducts survey – 2003

In 2003, the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) surveyed the disputed site and reported evidence of a significant Hindu complex beneath the mosque. However, Muslim organizations disputed these findings, leading to ongoing disagreements regarding the historical interpretation of the site.

Allahabad HC divides the disputed site in three parts – 2010

In 2010, the Allahabad high court delivered its judgment on the four title suits about the dispute.

The High Court ruled that the disputed land should be divided into three parts: one-third allocated to Ram Lalla, represented by the Hindu Mahasabha; one-third to the Islamic Waqf Board; and the remaining third to the Nirmohi Akhara.

Subsequently, in December, both the Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha and the Sunni Waqf Board approached the Supreme Court, challenging the High Court’s decision.

All three sides approach Supreme Court – 2011

All three parties—the Nirmohi Akhara, Ram Lalla Virajman, and Sunni Waqf Board—appealed against the Allahabad High Court verdict.- The Supreme Court stayed the HC order of splitting the disputed site in 3 parts.

Supreme Court asks govt to handover land for Ram Temple construction — 2019

On November 9, 2019, a five-judge bench of the Supreme Court issued a verdict ordering the disputed land of 2.77 acres to be transferred to a trust, to be established by the Government of India, for the construction of the Ram Janmabhoomi temple.

Additionally, the court directed the government to allocate an alternative five acres of land at a different location to the Sunni Waqf Board for the construction of a mosque.

The five-judge bench that issued the order was led by the then Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi. Notably, he retired just eight days after delivering the judgment on November 17.

The other four judges on the bench were Justice SA Bobde, Justice DY Chandrachud, Justice Ashok Bhushan, and Justice S Abdul Nazeer.- The trust formed for the construction of the Ram temple was named Shri Ram Janmabhoomi Teerth Shetra. This trust comprises 15 members.

Foundation stone laying ceremony — 2020

On August 5, 2020, Prime Minister Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone for the construction of the Ram Temple. The Prime Minister also unveiled a plaque and released a commemorative postal stamp.

Chandrakant and his son Ashish Sompura created the Nagara-style architecture for the Ram Mandir, which is overseen by the Shri Ram Janmabhoomi Teerth Kshetra Trust. The temple will measure 235 feet in width, 161 feet in height, and 360 feet in length.

There will be three shikharas: two of them will be 76 feet tall, and the main shikhara will be 128 feet tall. The kudu mandapa, ring mandapa, nritya mandapa, prarthana mandapa, and garbhagriha are the five mandapas that will be present in the temple.

In addition, the temple will feature 366 pillars that will be carved with images of different gods, scenes from the Ramayana, and floral designs. The temple will hold 40,000 worshippers and be constructed using Rajasthani pink sandstone.

A yagyashala, a vedic pathshala, a museum, a library, and other amenities will be part of the temple complex. By 2025, the temple construction should be finished.

A 51-inch Ram Lalla idol was placed in the sanctum sanctorum of the Ram temple last week. Three idols of Lord Ram were built from which the one sculpted by Mysuru-based sculptor Arun Yogiraj has been selected for “Pran Prathistha”.

The Ram Lalla idol portrays the deity as a five-year-old child standing on a lotus also crafted from the same stone.

The idol weighs 200 kg, and boasts a height of 4.24 feet and a width of 3 feet Eyewitnesses, however, noted that due to the lotus and the halo, it has a total height of seven feet when measured from the ground.

The 10 Avatars or incarnations of Lord Vishnu have been crafted on the side pillars of the Ram Lalla idol

➤ Matsya, Kurma, Varaha, Narasimha and Vaman on the left.

➤ Parshuram, Ram, Krishna, Buddha and Kalki on the right.

By Air

Mahirishi Valmiki International Airport Ayodhya is the nearest airport which is approximately 10km from Ayodhya Dham.

People can also reach from Lucknow ,Gorakhpur, Prayagraj and Varanasi Airports.

By Train

Ayodhya Cantt and Ayodhya are major railway stations of the district and are well connected to almost all major cities and towns.

By Rail route Ayodhya is 128 kms. from Lucknow, 171 kms. from Gorakhpur, 157 kms. from Prayagraj and 196 kms from Varanasi.

By Road

Services of Uttar Pradesh Transport Corporation buses are available 24 hours a day, and it is very easy to reach here from all places.

The city is about 130 k.m. from Lucknow, 200 k.m. from Varanasi, 160 k.m. from Prayagraj , 140 k.m. from Gorakhpur and about 636 k.m. from Delhi.

Buses are frequently available from Lucknow,Delhi and Gorakhpur. Buses are also available from Varanasi, Prayagraj and other places as per their schedule.

Facilities

Convenience: The process from entry to exit after Darshan is straightforward and typically takes 60 to 75 minutes.
Mobiles and Belongings: Devotees are advised to leave mobile phones, footwear, purses, etc., outside the Mandir premises for convenience and time-saving.
Prohibited Items: Flowers, garlands, prasad, etc., are not permitted inside the Shri Ram Janmabhoomi Mandir.
Wheelchair Availability: Wheelchairs are available for the elderly and differently-abled within the Mandir premises. These wheelchairs are not for use outside the Mandir and are provided free of charge, with a nominal fee to be given to the assisting volunteer.

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